IDACA NEWS

NO.95

December 10, 2011

MESSAG

REPORTS ON TRAINING COURSES

  1. JICA Course on “Strengthening Management and Business Activities of Agricultural Cooperatives”
  2. ICA Training Course on Quality and Safety Management of Farm Products
  3. JICA “Planning of Agricultural Policy” Course

REPORT ON RESEARCH ACTIVITY

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REPORT ON RESEARCH ACTIVITY

Visiting Ethiopia

Mr. Hiroshi Terunuma, Manager of IDACA Training/Development Department

In connection with subsidized projects of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, I visited Ethiopia to provide guidance on development of farmers’ organizations. As agriculture is an important industry, the Government of Ethiopia has been engaged in a five-year plan to double agricultural production.

I was assigned to Yaya Gulale woreda, North Shewa zone, Oromia Region. It is an area that rises 2,800 meters above sea level. The climate is cool, and clean spring water gushes in the highland area. I saw women carrying water and children running after cows and sheep in various places. Agricultural production is nearly self-sufficient. In addition to growing teff (a plant of the Poaceae family), which is the local staple food, as well as wheat, sorghum (Johnsongrass) and beans, the people raise cows, sheep, goats, pigs, and chicken. All family members, including small children, are engaged in farm work. To sell their crops, the people walk for more than 20 km to town markets, with the crops loaded on the back of donkeys or other livestock. It is hard work because there are many sloping roads, since this is a mountainous area.

The main activity of agricultural cooperatives is to supply fertilizers via the district federation. The offices and warehouses of agricultural cooperatives are of simple structure, consisting of tin roofs and dirt floors. Since no employees were there yet, officials from the woreda’s Agricultural Cooperative Promotion Office were assigned to work there as accountants or managers.

There exist many problems, but I hope that the agricultural cooperative move-ment will be energized to help modernize the agriculture cooperatives.